Norms of blood pressure
The calculation table uses the terms:
AP - blood pressure
This is the pressure the blood exerts on the walls of the arteries.
SAD is the systolic blood pressure (the upper, first or higher digit).
This is the blood pressure when the heart muscle contracts.
uesD is the diastolic blood pressure (lower, second and lower digit).
This is the blood pressure when the heart muscle relaxes.
Hypotension is defined if any condition is met:
- decrease in blood pressure by more than 20% of the table value for age
- BP below 90 mmHg
- BP below 60 mmHg
Hypertension is defined if any condition is met:
- BP above 140 mmHg
- urgeon's BP higher than 90 mmHg
The blood pressure ranges by age in men and women will be taken from the table:
|1 year or less||96||66|
|1 year or less||95||65|
Hypotension (low blood pressure)
Hypotension (arterial hypotension) is a decrease in blood pressure by more than 20% of the baseline/normal values or in absolute numbers below 90 mmHg systolic pressure or 60 mmHg mean arterial pressure. The pressure decrease can be acute or chronic.
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
Hypertension (arterial hypertension) is a syndrome of increased systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 140 mmHg or higher, and simultaneously or independently, diastolic BP (DBP) ≥90 mmHg. Elevated BP can be acute or chronic.
|Optimal||up to 120||up to 80|
|Hypertension Grade I (mild)||140-159||90-99|
|Hypertension degree II (moderate)||160-179||100-109|
|Hypertension degree III (severe)||more than 180||more than 110|